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Rosetta Stone Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results

Q2 Revenue Grows 7% Fueled by Literacy and Consumer Language Bookings growth of 59% and 92%, Respectively

ARLINGTON, Va., Aug. 06, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Rosetta Stone Inc. (NYSE:RST), a world leader in technology-based learning solutions, today announced financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2020.

Second Quarter 2020 Highlights

  • Consolidated revenue increased 7% year over year to $49.2 million.
  • Revenue at Lexia Learning ("Lexia"), the Company's Literacy segment, increased 18% year-over-year to $17.8 million.
  • Revenue within the Consumer Language segment increased 9% year-over-year to $17.7 million.
  • Revenue within the Enterprise & Education (“E&E”) Language segment decreased 6% year-over-year to $13.6 million.
  • Consolidated second quarter net loss was $3.6 million, an increase from the net loss of $2.8 million in the same quarter a year ago, driven by an increase in operating expense.
  • Consolidated bookings were $59.3 million, an increase of 41% versus the second quarter of 2019, driven by 92% growth in Consumer bookings and 59% growth in Literacy bookings.
  • Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $4.1 million in the second quarter 2020, an increase from $2.0 million in the year-ago period.
  • At June 30, 2020 the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $31.3 million and no debt outstanding.
  • Note: Consumer and consolidated bookings referenced above and throughout this release are before $0.5 million in SourceNext bookings that occurred in Q2 2019.

“During this unprecedented time, the Rosetta Stone team delivered outstanding second quarter results, highlighted by 41% growth year-over-year in consolidated bookings, which included a 59% increase in our Literacy segment and 92% growth in our Consumer Language segment. Our commitment to put the customer first, coupled with extremely compelling K-12 and Language product and service offerings, are clearly resonating in the marketplace,” said John Hass, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.  “As a result of our strong year-to-date performance and confidence in the second half of the year, we are increasing our 2020 full year guidance for bookings, revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and year-end cash.”

Mr. Hass continued, “While we remain concerned about the potential negative impact of the economic downturn on school, corporate and consumer budgets, we are determined to continue using this period to ensure that Rosetta Stone will be even better positioned as a leader in learning in a post-COVID-19 world—a world that we believe will align very well with our strengths as an expert provider of technology-based, adaptive blended learning solutions.”

Second Quarter 2020 Review

Revenue: Total revenue in the second quarter of 2020 was $49.2 million, compared to $45.9 million in the second quarter of 2019, due to an increase in Lexia and Consumer Language revenue, partially offset by a decline in E&E Language revenue. Consolidated bookings were $59.3 million, an increase of 41% versus the second quarter of 2019.

Revenue at Lexia increased 18% year-over-year to $17.8 million. The increase in Lexia revenues was a result of continued demand for its product portfolio and the concentrated efforts of a focused direct sales team.  Literacy bookings increased $7.1 million, or 59% over the prior year period driven by approximately $3.7 million in bookings from new opportunities in Texas, as well as expansions that benefited from the “Learn From Home” initiative that began in March for all Lexia customers, after schools closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Consumer Language segment revenue increased 9% year-over-year to $17.7 million, reflecting the recognition of sales growth efforts made in prior quarters. Consumer Language bookings increased $13.4 million, or 92% year over year, primarily due to the sale of Lifetime Unlimited subscriptions in the Web channel driven in part by people looking for self-improvement alternatives as they spent more time at home as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.  Subscriptions with a duration of one year or more totaled 65% of the subscription unit mix at the end of the second quarter 2020, up from 56% at the end of the same quarter last year.

E&E Language segment revenue decreased 6% year-over-year to $13.6 million. E&E language bookings decreased $3.2 million, or 21%, year-over-year. The bookings decrease was driven by lower bookings split equally between the Enterprise and K-12 portions of the segment, with the Enterprise portion of the decline largely due to COVID-19 related pullbacks by corporate customers.

US$ thousands, except for percentages

    Three months ended June 30,          
    2020     Mix %     2019     Mix %     % change  
Revenue from:                                        
Literacy   $ 17,814       36 %   $ 15,101       33 %     18 %
E&E Language     13,640       28 %     14,502       32 %     (6 )%
Consumer Language     17,741       36 %     16,339       35 %     9 %
Total Revenue   $ 49,195       100 %   $ 45,942       100 %     7 %

Net Loss:  In the second quarter 2020, the Company reported a net loss of $3.6 million, or $(0.15) per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $2.8 million, or $(0.12) per diluted share. The increase in net loss of $0.8 million was driven by an increase in all operating expense categories, and an increase in revenue which was offset by a corresponding increase in cost of revenue as the Company focused on supporting sharply increased bookings demand since Q2 2019. Total operating expenses increased $1.0 million, or 2% year-over-year, to $41.1 million, primarily due to higher commission expense and higher variable compensation expense on the higher bookings since Q2 2019.

Balance Sheet: The Company ended the second quarter 2020 with cash and cash equivalents of $31.3 million and no debt outstanding, versus $10.9 million before borrowings at June 30, 2019. Deferred revenue totaled $174.1 million at June 30, 2020, compared to $177.6 million at December 31, 2019. Of the June 30, 2020 total deferred revenue balance, $109.3 million, or approximately 63%, was short-term and will be recognized as revenue over the next 12 months. Excluding SOURCENEXT and non-core custom content, short-term deferred revenue at June 30, 2020 was approximately 75% of total deferred revenue.

Free Cash Flow and Adjusted EBITDA: Net cash used in operating activities was $0.3 million in the second quarter of 2020 compared to $14.8 million in the second quarter last year. Free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, was an outflow of $4.1 million in the second quarter 2020, compared to an outflow of $19.8 million in the same period a year ago.

Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $4.1 million in the second quarter 2020, an increase compared to $2.0 million in the year-ago period.

Earnings Conference Call

In conjunction with this announcement, Rosetta Stone will host a conference call today at 5:00 p.m. ET during which time there will be a discussion of the results and the business outlook. Investors may dial into the live conference call using 1-412-317-6026 (toll / international) or 1-877-300-8521 (toll-free). A live webcast will also be available in the investor relations section of the Company’s website at http://investors.rosettastone.com. A replay will be made available soon after the live conference call is completed and will remain available until 11:59 p.m. ET on Thursday, August 13, 2020. Investors may dial into the replay using 1-412-317-6671 and passcode 10146277.

Caution on Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by non-historical statements and often include words such as "outlook," "potential," "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "seeks" or words of similar meaning, or future-looking or conditional verbs, such as "will," "should," "could," "may," "might," "aims," "intends," "projects," or similar words or phrases. These statements may include, but are not limited to, statements relating to: our business strategy; guidance or projections related to revenue, Adjusted EBITDA, sales, and other measures of future economic performance; the contributions and performance of our businesses including acquired businesses and international operations; projections for future capital expenditures; and other guidance, projections, plans, objectives, and related estimates and assumptions. A forward-looking statement is neither a prediction nor a guarantee of future events or circumstances. In addition, forward-looking statements are based on the Company’s current assumptions, expectations and beliefs and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our present expectations or projections. Some important factors that could cause actual results, performance or achievement to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy; the risk that we are unable to execute our business strategy; declining demand for our literacy or language learning solutions; the risk that we are not able to manage and grow our business; the impact of any revisions to our pricing strategy; the risk that we might not succeed in introducing and producing new products and services; the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations; the adequacy of internally generated funds and existing sources of liquidity, such as bank financing, as well as our ability to raise additional funds; the risk that we cannot effectively adapt to and manage complex and numerous technologies; the risk that businesses acquired by us might not perform as expected; and the risk that we are not able to successfully expand internationally. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as required by law. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements, risks and uncertainties that are more fully described in the Company's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including those described under the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the Company’s most recent quarterly Form 10-Q filings and Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and those updated from time to time in our future reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Operational Metrics, Segment Measures, and Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement the condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), the Company uses, and this press release contains references to, operational metrics, segment measures and non-GAAP financial measures of financial performance listed below.

  • Bookings represents executed contracts received by the Company that are either recorded immediately as revenue or deferred revenue. Therefore, bookings is an operational metric and in any one period is equal to revenue plus the change in deferred revenue.
  • Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP Financial Measure of GAAP net income/loss plus interest income and expense, other income/expense, income tax benefit/expense, impairment, lease abandonment and termination, depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation, restructuring, and strategy and cost-reduction related consulting expenses. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA excludes "Other" items related to non-restructuring wind down and severance costs, and transaction and other costs associated with mergers and acquisitions, as well as all adjustments related to recording the non-cash tax valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Adjusted EBITDA for prior periods has been revised to conform to the current definition.
  • Free cash flow is a non-GAAP Financial Measure of cash flow from operating activities minus cash used in purchases of property and equipment.
  • Segment contribution is calculated as segment revenue less expenses directly incurred by or allocated to the segment. Direct segment expenses include costs and expenses that are directly incurred by or allocated to the segment and include materials costs, service costs, customer care and coaching costs, sales and marketing expenses, and bad debt expense. In addition to the previously referenced expenses, the Literacy segment includes direct research and development expenses and Combined Language includes shared research and development expenses, cost of revenue, and sales and marketing expenses applicable to the Consumer Language and E&E Language segments. Prior periods have been reclassified to reflect our current segment presentation and definition of segment contribution. Segment contribution is a segment measure of profitability determined consistent with Accounting Standards Codification 280.

The definitions, GAAP comparisons, and reconciliation of non-GAAP measures with the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are available in this press release or in the corresponding earnings presentation, which are posted on our website at www.rosettastone.com.

Management believes that these non-GAAP measures of financial results provide useful information to management and investors regarding certain financial and business trends relating to the Company’s financial condition and results of operations, enabling a better understanding of the long-term performance of the Company’s business. Management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare the Company’s performance to that of prior periods for trend analysis, and for budgeting and planning purposes. Management believes that the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing the Company’s financial measures with other software and education-technology companies, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors.

The presentation of this additional financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. The Company urges investors to review the reconciliation of its non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures, which it includes in press releases announcing earnings information, including this press release, or in corresponding earnings presentations, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate the Company’s business. The Company’s non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to those used by other companies, and we encourage you to review and understand all our financial reporting before making any investment decision.

About Rosetta Stone Inc.

Rosetta Stone Inc. (NYSE: RST) is dedicated to changing people's lives through the power of language and literacy education. The company's innovative digital solutions drive positive learning outcomes for the inspired learner at home or in schools and workplaces around the world.

Founded in 1992, Rosetta Stone's language division uses advanced digital technology to help all types of learners read, write and speak more than 30 languages, including several endangered languages. Lexia Learning, Rosetta Stone's literacy education division, was founded more than 30 years ago and is a leader in the literacy education space. Today, Lexia helps students build fundamental reading skills through its rigorously researched, independently evaluated, and widely respected instruction and assessment programs.

For more information, visit www.rosettastone.com. "Rosetta Stone" is a registered trademark or trademark of Rosetta Stone Ltd. in the United States and other countries.

Investors:
Lasse Glassen
Addo Investor Relations
1-310-829-5400
IR@rosettastone.com 

Media Contact:
Andrea Riggs
1-917-572-5555
ariggs@rosettastone.com 


ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)

   As of  
  June 30, 2020     December 31, 2019  
Assets              
Current assets:              
Cash and cash equivalents $ 31,259     $ 43,010  
Restricted cash   65       54  
Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $603 and $510 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)   27,003       22,919  
Inventory   1,270       1,545  
Deferred sales commissions   10,730       11,558  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   3,957       4,172  
Total current assets   74,284       83,258  
Deferred sales commissions   8,121       7,682  
Property and equipment, net   38,787       39,251  
Operating lease right-of-use assets   5,013       5,818  
Intangible assets, net   13,555       14,317  
Goodwill   49,057       48,958  
Other assets   2,186       1,823  
Total assets $ 191,003     $ 201,107  
Liabilities and stockholders' deficit              
Current liabilities:              
Accounts payable $ 4,727     $ 7,534  
Accrued compensation   12,470       9,854  
Income tax payable   169       78  
Operating lease liabilities   1,436       1,455  
Other current liabilities   11,483       13,090  
Deferred revenue   109,288       119,851  
Total current liabilities   139,573       151,862  
Deferred revenue   64,815       57,766  
Deferred income taxes   2,723       2,590  
Operating lease liabilities   3,458       4,167  
Other long-term liabilities   675       914  
Total liabilities   211,244       217,299  
Commitments and contingencies              
Stockholders' deficit:              
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000 and 10,000 shares authorized, zero and zero shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)          
Non-designated common stock, $0.00005 par value, 190,000 and 190,000 shares authorized, 25,604 and 25,060 shares issued,
and 24,604 and 24,060 shares outstanding, at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)
  2       2  
Additional paid-in capital   216,295       210,846  
Treasury stock, at cost; 1,000 and 1,000 shares at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)   (11,435 )     (11,435 )
Accumulated loss   (222,240 )     (212,548 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (2,863 )     (3,057 )
Total stockholders' deficit   (20,241 )     (16,192 )
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit $ 191,003     $ 201,107  


ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited) 

  Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
Revenue $ 49,195     $ 45,942     $ 96,374     $ 90,553  
Cost of revenue   11,436       8,861       22,537       17,287  
Gross profit   37,759       37,081       73,837       73,266  
Operating expenses                              
Sales and marketing   25,974       25,800       51,408       49,038  
Research and development   6,177       5,776       13,094       11,514  
General and administrative   8,945       8,566       18,507       17,258  
Total operating expenses   41,096       40,142       83,009       77,810  
Loss from operations   (3,337 )     (3,061 )     (9,172 )     (4,544 )
Other income and (expense):                              
Interest income   10       9       26       42  
Interest expense   (54 )     (99 )     (107 )     (159 )
Other income and (expense)   18       519       89       1,315  
Total other income and (expense)   (26 )     429       8       1,198  
Loss before income taxes   (3,363 )     (2,632 )     (9,164 )     (3,346 )
Income tax expense   223       175       603       5  
Net loss $ (3,586 )   $ (2,807 )   $ (9,767 )   $ (3,351 )
Loss per share:                              
Basic $ (0.15 )   $ (0.12 )   $ (0.41 )   $ (0.14 )
Diluted $ (0.15 )   $ (0.12 )   $ (0.41 )   $ (0.14 )
Common shares and equivalents outstanding:                              
Basic weighted average shares   24,103       23,455       23,953       23,247  
Diluted weighted average shares   24,103       23,455       23,953       23,247  


ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited) 

   Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:                              
Net loss $ (3,586 )   $ (2,807 )   $ (9,767 )   $ (3,351 )
Non-cash adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:                              
Stock-based compensation expense   3,009       1,356       5,270       2,576  
(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions   (32 )     (517 )     (10 )     191  
Bad debt expense   78       136       336       123  
Depreciation and amortization   4,351       3,457       8,771       6,986  
Operating lease costs   514       533       1,049       1,059  
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)   139       77       254       (515 )
(Gain) loss on disposal or sale of assets         1             (1,394 )
Amortization of deferred financing costs   11       19       30       33  
Net change in:                              
Accounts receivable   (11,707 )     (12,063 )     (4,625 )     (3,826 )
Inventory   107       111       275       (718 )
Deferred sales commissions   (1,208 )     335       371       2,332  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (83 )     (30 )     114       (819 )
Income tax receivable or payable   20       (320 )     91       (49 )
Other assets   (379 )     (233 )     (450 )     (89 )
Accounts payable   (2,107 )     1,129       (2,792 )     (466 )
Accrued compensation   217       (3,468 )     2,395       (1,027 )
Other current liabilities   733       1,298       (1,201 )     (1,324 )
Operating lease liabilities   (491 )     (516 )     (969 )     (1,060 )
Other long-term liabilities                     (31 )
Deferred revenue   10,091       (3,345 )     (2,947 )     (20,045 )
Net cash used in operating activities   (323 )     (14,847 )     (3,805 )     (21,414 )
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                              
Purchases of property and equipment   (3,806 )     (4,995 )     (7,592 )     (9,709 )
Proceeds from sale of assets         400             1,396  
Net cash used in investing activities   (3,806 )     (4,595 )     (7,592 )     (8,313 )
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                              
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options   368       2,143       410       2,887  
Proceeds from borrowings under credit facility         10,500             10,500  
Repayments of borrowings under credit facility         (600 )           (600 )
Payment of deferred financing costs         (45 )     (66 )     (47 )
Payments under financing lease liabilities   (56 )     (112 )     (171 )     (222 )
Net cash provided by financing activities   312       11,886       173       12,518  
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   (3,817 )     (7,556 )     (11,224 )     (17,209 )
Effect of exchange rate changes in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   (30 )     21       (516 )     (159 )
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   (3,847 )     (7,535 )     (11,740 )     (17,368 )
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—beginning of period   35,171       28,341       43,064       38,174  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—end of period $ 31,324     $ 20,806     $ 31,324     $ 20,806  


ROSETTA STONE INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP NET LOSS TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

  Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
GAAP net loss $ (3,586 )   $ (2,807 )   $ (9,767 )   $ (3,351 )
Total other non-operating (income) and expense, net   26       (429 )     (8 )     (1,198 )
Income tax expense   223       175       603       5  
Depreciation and amortization   4,351       3,457       8,771       6,986  
Stock-based compensation expense   3,009       1,356       5,270       2,576  
Other EBITDA adjustments   104       269       431       322  
Adjusted EBITDA* $ 4,127     $ 2,021     $ 5,300     $ 5,340  

* Adjusted EBITDA is GAAP net income/loss plus interest income and expense, other income/expense, income tax benefit/expense, impairment, lease abandonment and termination, depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation, restructuring, and strategy and cost-reduction related consulting expenses. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA excludes “Other” items related to non-restructuring wind down and severance costs, and transaction and other costs associated with mergers and acquisitions, as well as all adjustments related to recording the non-cash tax valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Adjusted EBITDA for prior periods has been revised to conform to the current definition.


ROSETTA STONE INC.
RECONCILIATION OF CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES TO FREE CASH FLOW
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

  Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
Net cash used in operating activities $ (323 )   $ (14,847 )   $ (3,805 )   $ (21,414 )
Purchases of property and equipment   (3,806 )     (4,995 )     (7,592 )     (9,709 )
Free cash flow * $ (4,129 )   $ (19,842 )   $ (11,397 )   $ (31,123 )

* Free cash flow is cash flow from operations minus cash used in purchases of property and equipment.


Rosetta Stone Inc.
Supplemental Information
(unaudited)

   Quarter-Ended     Year Ended     Quarter-Ended  
  Mar 31     Jun 30     Sep 30     Dec 31     Dec 31     Mar 31     Jun 30  
  2019     2019     2019     2019     2019     2020     2020  
Revenue by Segment (in thousands, except percentages)                                          
                                           
Literacy 14,806     15,101     15,587       17,131     62,625     17,486     17,814  
E&E Language 14,443     14,502     14,074       13,793     56,812     13,552     13,640  
Consumer Language 15,362     16,339     15,795       15,769     63,265     16,141     17,741  
Total 44,611     45,942     45,456       46,693     182,702     47,179     49,195  
                                           
YoY Growth (%)                                          
Literacy 20 %   19 %   18 %     18 %   19 %   18 %   18 %
E&E Language (6 )%   (6 )%   (6 )%     (5 )%   (6 )%   (6 )%   (6 )%
Consumer Language 2 %   6 %   9 %     2 %   5 %   5 %   9 %
Total 4 %   6 %   6 %     5 %   5 %   6 %   7 %
                                           
% of Total Revenue                                          
Literacy 33 %   33 %   34 %     37 %   34 %   37 %   36 %
E&E Language 32 %   32 %   31 %     29 %   31 %   29 %   28 %
Consumer Language 35 %   35 %   35 %     34 %   35 %   34 %   36 %
Total 100 %   100 %   100 %     100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %
                                           
Revenues by Geography                                          
                                           
United States 39,830     41,179     40,891       42,180     164,080     42,529     44,415  
International 4,781     4,763     4,565       4,513     18,622     4,650     4,780  
Total 44,611     45,942     45,456       46,693     182,702     47,179     49,195  
                                           
Revenues by Geography (as a %)                                          
United States 89 %   90 %   90 %     90 %   90 %   90 %   90 %
International 11 %   10 %   10 %     10 %   10 %   10 %   10 %
Total 100 %   100 %   100 %     100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %

Prior period data has been modified where applicable to conform to current presentation for comparative purposes. Immaterial rounding differences may be present in this data in order to conform to Financial Statement totals.



ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)

  As of  
  June 30, 2020     December 31, 2019  
Assets              
Current assets:              
Cash and cash equivalents $ 31,259     $ 43,010  
Restricted cash   65       54  
Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $603 and $510 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019,
respectively)
  27,003       22,919  
Inventory   1,270       1,545  
Deferred sales commissions   10,730       11,558  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   3,957       4,172  
Total current assets   74,284       83,258  
Deferred sales commissions   8,121       7,682  
Property and equipment, net   38,787       39,251  
Operating lease right-of-use assets   5,013       5,818  
Intangible assets, net   13,555       14,317  
Goodwill   49,057       48,958  
Other assets   2,186       1,823  
Total assets $ 191,003     $ 201,107  
Liabilities and stockholders' deficit              
Current liabilities:              
Accounts payable $ 4,727     $ 7,534  
Accrued compensation   12,470       9,854  
Income tax payable   169       78  
Operating lease liabilities   1,436       1,455  
Other current liabilities   11,483       13,090  
Deferred revenue   109,288       119,851  
Total current liabilities   139,573       151,862  
Deferred revenue   64,815       57,766  
Deferred income taxes   2,723       2,590  
Operating lease liabilities   3,458       4,167  
Other long-term liabilities   675       914  
Total liabilities   211,244       217,299  
Commitments and contingencies              
Stockholders' deficit:              
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000 and 10,000 shares authorized, zero and zero shares issued and
outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)
         
Non-designated common stock, $0.00005 par value, 190,000 and 190,000 shares authorized, 25,604 and 25,060 shares issued,
and 24,604 and 24,060 shares outstanding, at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)
  2       2  
Additional paid-in capital   216,295       210,846  
Treasury stock, at cost; 1,000 and 1,000 shares at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)   (11,435 )     (11,435 )
Accumulated loss   (222,240 )     (212,548 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (2,863 )     (3,057 )
Total stockholders' deficit   (20,241 )     (16,192 )
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit $ 191,003     $ 201,107  



ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited) 

  Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
Revenue $ 49,195     $ 45,942     $ 96,374     $ 90,553  
Cost of revenue   11,436       8,861       22,537       17,287  
Gross profit   37,759       37,081       73,837       73,266  
Operating expenses                              
Sales and marketing   25,974       25,800       51,408       49,038  
Research and development   6,177       5,776       13,094       11,514  
General and administrative   8,945       8,566       18,507       17,258  
Total operating expenses   41,096       40,142       83,009       77,810  
Loss from operations   (3,337 )     (3,061 )     (9,172 )     (4,544 )
Other income and (expense):                              
Interest income   10       9       26       42  
Interest expense   (54 )     (99 )     (107 )     (159 )
Other income and (expense)   18       519       89       1,315  
Total other income and (expense)   (26 )     429       8       1,198  
Loss before income taxes   (3,363 )     (2,632 )     (9,164 )     (3,346 )
Income tax expense   223       175       603       5  
Net loss $ (3,586 )   $ (2,807 )   $ (9,767 )   $ (3,351 )
Loss per share:                              
Basic $ (0.15 )   $ (0.12 )   $ (0.41 )   $ (0.14 )
Diluted $ (0.15 )   $ (0.12 )   $ (0.41 )   $ (0.14 )
Common shares and equivalents outstanding:                              
Basic weighted average shares   24,103       23,455       23,953       23,247  
Diluted weighted average shares   24,103       23,455       23,953       23,247  



ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited) 

  Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:                              
Net loss $ (3,586 )   $ (2,807 )   $ (9,767 )   $ (3,351 )
Non-cash adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:                              
Stock-based compensation expense   3,009       1,356       5,270       2,576  
(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions   (32 )     (517 )     (10 )     191  
Bad debt expense   78       136       336       123  
Depreciation and amortization   4,351       3,457       8,771       6,986  
Operating lease costs   514       533       1,049       1,059  
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)   139       77       254       (515 )
(Gain) loss on disposal or sale of assets         1             (1,394 )
Amortization of deferred financing costs   11       19       30       33  
Net change in:                              
Accounts receivable   (11,707 )     (12,063 )     (4,625 )     (3,826 )
Inventory   107       111       275       (718 )
Deferred sales commissions   (1,208 )     335       371       2,332  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (83 )     (30 )     114       (819 )
Income tax receivable or payable   20       (320 )     91       (49 )
Other assets   (379 )     (233 )     (450 )     (89 )
Accounts payable   (2,107 )     1,129       (2,792 )     (466 )
Accrued compensation   217       (3,468 )     2,395       (1,027 )
Other current liabilities   733       1,298       (1,201 )     (1,324 )
Operating lease liabilities   (491 )     (516 )     (969 )     (1,060 )
Other long-term liabilities                     (31 )
Deferred revenue   10,091       (3,345 )     (2,947 )     (20,045 )
Net cash used in operating activities   (323 )     (14,847 )     (3,805 )     (21,414 )
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                              
Purchases of property and equipment   (3,806 )     (4,995 )     (7,592 )     (9,709 )
Proceeds from sale of assets         400             1,396  
Net cash used in investing activities   (3,806 )     (4,595 )     (7,592 )     (8,313 )
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                              
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options   368       2,143       410       2,887  
Proceeds from borrowings under credit facility         10,500             10,500  
Repayments of borrowings under credit facility         (600 )           (600 )
Payment of deferred financing costs         (45 )     (66 )     (47 )
Payments under financing lease liabilities   (56 )     (112 )     (171 )     (222 )
Net cash provided by financing activities   312       11,886       173       12,518  
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   (3,817 )     (7,556 )     (11,224 )     (17,209 )
Effect of exchange rate changes in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   (30 )     21       (516 )     (159 )
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   (3,847 )     (7,535 )     (11,740 )     (17,368 )
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—beginning of period   35,171       28,341       43,064       38,174  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—end of period $ 31,324     $ 20,806     $ 31,324     $ 20,806  



ROSETTA STONE INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP NET LOSS TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

  Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
GAAP net loss $ (3,586 )   $ (2,807 )   $ (9,767 )   $ (3,351 )
Total other non-operating (income) and expense, net   26       (429 )     (8 )     (1,198 )
Income tax expense   223       175       603       5  
Depreciation and amortization   4,351       3,457       8,771       6,986  
Stock-based compensation expense   3,009       1,356       5,270       2,576  
Other EBITDA adjustments   104       269       431       322  
Adjusted EBITDA* $ 4,127     $ 2,021     $ 5,300     $ 5,340  

* Adjusted EBITDA is GAAP net income/loss plus interest income and expense, other income/expense, income tax benefit/expense, impairment, lease abandonment and termination, depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation, restructuring, and strategy and cost-reduction related consulting expenses. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA excludes “Other” items related to non-restructuring wind down and severance costs, and transaction and other costs associated with mergers and acquisitions, as well as all adjustments related to recording the non-cash tax valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Adjusted EBITDA for prior periods has been revised to conform to the current definition.


ROSETTA STONE INC.
RECONCILIATION OF CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES TO FREE CASH FLOW
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

  Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
  2020     2019     2020     2019  
Net cash used in operating activities $ (323 )   $ (14,847 )   $ (3,805 )   $ (21,414 )
Purchases of property and equipment   (3,806 )     (4,995 )     (7,592 )     (9,709 )
Free cash flow * $ (4,129 )   $ (19,842 )   $ (11,397 )   $ (31,123 )

* Free cash flow is cash flow from operations minus cash used in purchases of property and equipment.


Rosetta Stone Inc.
Supplemental Information
(unaudited)

  Quarter-Ended     Year Ended     Quarter-Ended  
  Mar 31     Jun 30     Sep 30     Dec 31     Dec 31     Mar 31     Jun 30  
  2019     2019     2019     2019     2019     2020     2020  
Revenue by Segment (in thousands, except percentages)                                        
                                         
Literacy 14,806     15,101     15,587     17,131     62,625     17,486     17,814  
E&E Language 14,443     14,502     14,074     13,793     56,812     13,552     13,640  
Consumer Language 15,362     16,339     15,795     15,769     63,265     16,141     17,741  
Total 44,611     45,942     45,456     46,693     182,702     47,179     49,195  
                                         
YoY Growth (%)                                        
Literacy 20 %   19 %   18 %   18 %   19 %   18 %   18 %
E&E Language (6 )%   (6 )%   (6 )%   (5 )%   (6 )%   (6 )%   (6 )%
Consumer Language 2 %   6 %   9 %   2 %   5 %   5 %   9 %
Total 4 %   6 %   6 %   5 %   5 %   6 %   7 %
                                         
% of Total Revenue                                        
Literacy 33 %   33 %   34 %   37 %   34 %   37 %   36 %
E&E Language 32 %   32 %   31 %   29 %   31 %   29 %   28 %
Consumer Language 35 %   35 %   35 %   34 %   35 %   34 %   36 %
Total 100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %
                                         
Revenues by Geography                                        
                                         
United States 39,830     41,179     40,891     42,180     164,080     42,529     44,415  
International 4,781     4,763     4,565     4,513     18,622     4,650     4,780  
Total 44,611     45,942     45,456     46,693     182,702     47,179     49,195  
                                         
Revenues by Geography (as a %)                                        
United States 89 %   90 %   90 %   90 %   90 %   90 %   90 %
International 11 %   10 %   10 %   10 %   10 %   10 %   10 %
Total 100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %   100 %

Prior period data has been modified where applicable to conform to current presentation for comparative purposes. Immaterial rounding differences may be present in this data in order to conform to Financial Statement totals. 


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